In using the Singer Sewing Machine for lace making and embroidery, there are some very important rules that must be followed by all who desire to learn how to do this most fascinating work.
The most important thing is to be able, easily and naturally, to exercise an independent movement of the feet and the hands. The feet must be trained to start, stop and operate the machine very slowly by means of the treadle without any help from the hands. This leaves both hands free for manipulating the embroidery hoops holding the work. The first impulse of a beginner is to move the feet in unison with the hands; as a consequence, short stitches are formed, and often several stitches in the same place.
The fundamental rule is: "Move the feet slowly and the hands rapidly." This is the hardest thing to acquire, and you will need to remember it constantly at first. With practice, however, it will become easy and natural, and you will be able absolutely to control, by means of the treadle alone, every movement of the needle.
In connection with this treadle movement, the secret of successful machine embroider is to know how to control with accuracy the movement of the embroidery hoops between stitches, gauging the distance to the next point where the needle should penetrate to produce the stitch desired.
To prepare the machine
To prepare the machine, remove the presser-foot and raise the presser-foot bar. Then push the screw regulating the stitch as high as it will go so as to stop the feed.
See that the tensions are adjusted so that a perfect stitch will be made upon such materials and with the same silk that you intend to use for the embroidery work.
While not essential, it is suggested that the feed and the throat plate be covered with a plate made for the purpose, using No. 32589 for Machine No.66-1, No. 8335 for Machine No. 27-4, No. 15259 for Machine No. 15-30, and No. 208733 for Machine No. 9W. These cover plates can be obtained by mail or otherwise from any Singer shop.
Do not remove the throat plate, nor disturb the feed dog because it is essential that its position should remain as originally fixed whenever the machine is used for family sewing.
Place a small iron washer or a spool weight on the spool, to retard the movement of the upper thread. A spool weight ( No. 9537 )can be obtained at any Singer shop.
Preparation of hoops and placing material therein
Take the two hoops constituting the embroidery frame and wind them with narrow strips of white muslin, covering them diagonally with one or more layers of the cloth, according to the thickness of the material on which the embroidery is to be done, as this must be held stretched firmly between the hoops.
To put the material in the hoops, stretch it smoothly over the larger hoop, then press the smaller hoop firmly down into the larger one. If the material be not firmly and smoothly stretched over the frame, tighten it as shown in Fig. 1, being very careful not to stretch it on the bias, but to pull it with the thread of the goods, doing the work slowly and carefully. If the material be so delicate that it is liable to be injured by the hoops, notwithstanding the muslin padding, place tissue paper or cotton between them.
Tags: embroidery stitches lace machine design stitch thread figure cord threads cloth needle material cut net frame silk fine singer lines
Category: Recreation - Needlework
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